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Red Lion Area Historical Society Will Kick Off Fall Programs September 18, 2018

The Red Lion Area Historical Society will kick off its fall season of programs on Thursday, Sept. 27, at 7 p.m., at St. John's United Church of Christ, 161 N. Main St., Red Lion. The program will be "Wash Day." Bob and Sue Lee of the Wringer Center will share their antique laundry collection and explain how clothes were cleaned in the past.

The meeting is free and open to the public. Parking is available behind the church. For more information, readers may call Robin Miller at 717-244-1912.

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Tape, Trees, And More September 18, 2018

Harvest Festival Will Feature Historic Crafts

"This is really like coming home," said Susan Faulkner Weaver, reflecting on her planned participation as a demonstrator at the Conestoga Area Historical Society's annual Harvest Festival, which will be held on Saturday, Sept. 22, from 10 a.m. to 4 p.m. and on Sunday, Sept. 23, from noon to 4 p.m. The event will take place on the society's museum grounds, 51 Kendig Road, Conestoga.

"It struck me that this is my own background, and I should be involved," Weaver continued. She noted that she graduated from Penn Manor High School and then Millersville University. Her interest in handweaving has taken her to Mexico, and she has explored a wide range of weaving techniques from an array of cultures. Recently, she published a book on handwoven tape. Before the invention of elastic and zippers, Americans in the 18th and early 19th centuries used narrow bands of woven tape to fasten their clothing, close sacks, and even hold up their stockings.

"In Pennsylvania German culture, communities had village weavers (of cloth)," Weaver explained. "Tape looms were small, portable devices. Almost every household had one. They were so valuable. Family members would take turns weaving - if you had a spare minute, you'd sit down at the loom and weave a few rows. Everyone had a hand in it, from children to grandparents."

During the Harvest Festival, Weaver will have a variety of tapes and looms displayed, and folks may try their hands at weaving. Other fiber artists will be on hand to demonstrate spinning, dyeing, and cloth-weaving.

Another German-influenced craft is that of feather trees. Ron and Carol Wardell of Lititz will display examples of the holiday decorations, which were popular from the mid- to late-1800s. Carol explained that the trees were invented in Germany as the result of deforestation. They are made by wrapping goose feathers around straight branches to create sparse yet strong frames from which to display ornaments.

"The oldest ones are 5 or 6 feet tall," Carol remarked. "I can't imagine making that."

Based on a design perfected by Ron, who is a mechanical engineer, Carol makes feather trees that range in height from 18 to 54 inches. Ron continues to assist by building museum reproduction bases and attaching the wrapped branches to the trunks. Additionally, the couple manufactures natural sisal "bottle brush" trees, German-style sheep, a variety of fences and structures, and ornaments.

"Both of our grandparents were Germanic, so we stick with those," Ron said.

Additional craftspeople will demonstrate pottery-making, woodworking, tinsmithing, blacksmithing, broom-making, rug-making, cobbling, and the creation of powder horns decorated with scrimshaw. Early American farm machinery and water rams will be on display. The squirrel tail bake oven and the open hearth fireplace in the Harnish House will be in operation. Activities for children will include pumpkin painting and the opportunity to play with early American toys. Live music will be played by Dillweed. Food will be available for purchase from a Manor Township caterer.

Also, the historical society will have reproductions of various antique wall maps available for purchase. These include Manor Township circa 1852, Lancaster County circa 1852, and the new American Republic circa 1846.

No admission fee will be charged for the Harvest Festival, but donations will be accepted. For more information, readers may call the museum at 717-872-1699.

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Area Historical Society To Meet September 18, 2018

The Sadsbury Township Historical Society will meet on Monday, Oct. 1, at 7 p.m. in the Sadsbury Township Municipal Building, 2920 Lincoln Highway, Sadsburyville. The doors will open at 6:45 p.m.

Guest speaker Gerry Treadway will discuss the Parkesburg Iron Works.

Visitors are welcome, and admission is free. Light refreshments will be served after the program. For more information, readers may call 717-442-9240 or search for "Sadsbury Township Historical Society" on Facebook.

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Historical Society Plans Meeting September 13, 2018

The Historical Society of Salisbury Township will meet on Thursday, Sept. 20, at 7:30 p.m. at the Salisbury Township Building, 5581 Old Philadelphia Pike, White Horse. Gloria Slater will present a program titled "A Bird's-Eye View of the Holocaust."

Everyone is welcome to attend. For more information, call 717-442-4071.

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Donegal Society Sets Bus Trip September 13, 2018

The Donegal Society is sponsoring a bus trip to the American Philosophical Society (APS) in Philadelphia on Wednesday, Oct. 17. The trip will also include a tour of the Peale Portrait Gallery at the Second Bank Museum, as well as the Library of the APS, where the group will see some documents relating to the early frontier days of the Donegal area of Lancaster County.

The APS was founded by Benjamin Franklin 275 years ago, and the group will be able to view "Franklin's Footsteps," an exhibit highlighting the groundbreaking work of APS members and the innovations they have made that changed the world. Members have calculated the size of the solar system, explored distant lands, unearthed ancient fossils, invented computer technologies, cured diseases, and walked on the moon.

Highlights of the exhibition include David Rittenhouse's astronomical telescope, Benjamin Franklin's personal library books, one of Lewis and Clark's journals from their expedition, and photographs of the first Bikini Atoll atomic bomb test.

The society is sponsoring four students from Donegal High School to attend the trip. The bus will leave Donegal Presbyterian Church, 1891 Donegal Springs Road, Mount Joy, at 8:30 a.m. and will return at approximately 4:30 p.m. A lunch will be included.

There is a per-person cost. The deadline to register is Saturday, Oct. 6. For more information, including how to register, readers may call Lisa at 717-203-8830.

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Preservation Society Posts Meeting September 12, 2018

The Glen Rock Historic Preservation Society will meet on Tuesday, Sept. 25, at 7:30 p.m. at the metal sculpture shop and gallery of local artisan Robert Machovec, located at 9 Baltimore St., Glen Rock.

During the meeting, Machovec will explain his trade and also show his sculptures, some of which will be for sale.

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Exhibit Dedication Planned September 7, 2018

During the summers of 1988 to 1992, Millersville University (MU) students, led by Dr. June Evans, trudged down the old railroad bed to the Henry Clay Iron Furnace. The railroad bed has now been transformed into the Lancaster County Northwest River Trail. The students carried shovels, trowels, screens, and notebooks to the site, which was the second of eight anthracite coal fired hot blast iron furnaces in the area. The furnaces had lined the shores of the Susquehanna River between Marietta and Columbia from 1843 to 1931. Hundreds of hikers and bikers now pass by the remains of one of those furnaces every week.

During the class excavations at the furnace site, the teams uncovered, classified, marked, and preserved more than 50,000 artifacts. The artifacts are now housed at the Musselman/Vesta Iron Furnace center, 26 Furnace Road, Marietta. The Sanborn Insurance map was used locate the buildings in the furnace complex, the manager's house, and the tenement housing. The field study team drew grids on many of the buildings before starting the survey. The grids were used to mark the location of an object where it was found and note what was near the artifact, which helps archaeologists estimate a date for the item.

Many of the artifacts are now displayed in the Dr. June Evans Henry Clay Exhibit, which is located in the Musselman/Vesta Iron Furnace Center. The exhibit is housed in a historic cabinet from the former Billmeyer Jewelry Store that operated in Marietta. The cabinet was restored by local resident Lillian Hill during the past winter.

The exhibit showcases dishes, bottles, bowls, a steel toy stove, and many other items that were uncovered at the site. The exhibit also includes photos of the excavation, quadrant maps, and the Sanborn Insurance map that details the buildings of the Henry Clay Furnace complex.

The Dr. June Evans Henry Clay Exhibit dedication will take place during the annual Pig Iron Fest which is planned for Sunday, Sept. 30. The dedication will be held at 1 p.m. at the Musselman/Vesta Iron Furnace Center. The public is invited to attend.

Evans was born in Washington, D.C., and in 1941, her family moved to York County where she graduated valedictorian at Wrightsville High School. She attended Goucher College, graduating with honors in chemistry. She returned to college after raising her family and received her doctorate in anthropology from The American University, where she later worked as an adjunct professor, teaching courses in human origins and archaeology.

In 1990, after moving back to York County, Evans began teaching anthropology and archaeology at Millersville University, including summer field schools. She also initiated the archaeology minor program at the school. She was actively involved in local community planning, as well as political and environmental issues through numerous organizations in York and Lancaster counties. She was actively involved with Rivertownes PA USA, leading numerous walking tours through the Lancaster County iron furnaces.

The Henry Clay Furnace was built in 1845 by Peter Haldeman, a prominent Columbia merchant. The property had several structures on it, including a two-story tavern house, a stable, and other improvements. The tavern house, which was used as the manager's house for the furnace, was included in MU students' excavation.

Around 1865, John Q. Denney purchased the property. Denney was one of the men involved in the burning of the Columbia/Wrightsville covered bridge during the Civil War. The furnace was later under the management of several owners until Clement Brooke Grubb purchased it in 1875. Grubb was the great-grandson of Peter Grubb, who discovered the Cornwall ore deposit. In 1876, pig iron worth $81,871 was cast. The furnace ceased operation in 1889.

The Musselman/Vesta Iron Furnace Center is open during the months of May to October on Sundays from 1 to 3 p.m. and by appointment by contacting Lenny Droege at 717-887-5952 or David Haneman at 717-314-4060.

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Historical Society Slates Program September 7, 2018

The Solanco Historical Society will present "Bart Township Hijinks" on Saturday, Sept. 15, at 1:30 p.m. at the Solanco Historical Society Archives Building, 1932 Robert Fulton Highway (Route 222), Quarryville.

Presenter Scott Shank is a former president of the Solanco Historical Society and a current director of the organization. His grandmothers were teachers in the school system in Bart Township. The information for his program was derived from the secretarial notes of one of two social organizations in Bart - a lyceum of young people and a Young People's Society - from the year 1884.

The program is free and open to the public. The venue is located 6 miles south of Quarryville across from the Robert Fulton Birthplace.

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Program Will Highlight Local History September 7, 2018

Elizabethtown Historical Society, 57 S. Poplar St., Elizabethtown, will host a program by Edsel Burdge on Tuesday, Sept. 18, at 7 p.m.

Burdge will present "Amish in Elizabethtown Lancaster County." Burdge is the research associate at the Young Center for Anabaptist and Pietist Studies at Elizabethtown College. He gathers demographic data on various Anabaptist groups, especially the Amish. He also interprets the work of the Young Center to the college community, the public at large and the media. He co-authored the book "Building on the Gospel Foundation: The Mennonites of Franklin County, Pennsylvania, and Washington County, Maryland, 1730-1970" with Samuel L. Horst.

For more details, readers may call 717-361-9382 or email info@etownhistory.com.

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Lecture To Highlight World War I September 6, 2018

The Reamstown Historical Society and Museum will sponsor a free lecture on Tuesday, Sept. 18, at 7 p.m. at the Reamstown Community Center, 23 E. Church St., Reamstown. Dr. Carl J. Strikwerda, president and professor of history at Elizabethtown College, will present "Word War I and America's 20th Century." This year marks 100 years since World War I ended, and Strikwerda will explain why it remains relevant to American history today, as well as how central Pennsylvania was involved in the war.

Strikwerda served as a historical consultant to the National World War I Museum in Kansas City, Mo., and is the author of three books and numerous articles on European and global history.

Strikwerda earned a bachelor's degree from Calvin College, a master's degree from the University of Chicago, and a doctorate from the University of Michigan. He regularly teaches the course "Peace and War in a Global World." He also serves on boards for the American Association of Colleges and Universities, the Council for European Studies, the Lancaster County Economic Development Company, and a public radio and TV station in Harrisburg.

Parking is available at the rear of the Reamstown Community Center. People of all ages are welcome. For more information, readers may call 717-364-0865.

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Basket-Making Workshop Slated September 5, 2018

The Strasburg Heritage Society will offer a basket-making workshop on Saturday, Sept. 22, from 10 a.m. to 4 p.m. at 28 E. Main St., Strasburg. Participants will make an egg basket, modeled after an original basket in the collection of the Landis Valley Museum. No previous experience is required.

The course will be taught by Debra Hammonds, a Lancaster County native who has been exploring and teaching the art of basketry for 25 years. Hammonds demonstrates basketry at Landis Valley Museum and has taught at the museum's annual Institute of Rural Life and Culture as well as various other guilds and conventions in 14 states. Her basket patterns have been published in two publications and are also sold individually. She has won several awards for her exhibit work in wicker design and mold weaving. Hammonds has taught other workshops for the Strasburg Heritage Society, as well.

Participants should bring a lunch, but dessert and beverages will be provided. Participants are also asked to bring a tape measure, a pencil, a reed cutter or shears, a small pan or bucket, and an old towel.

There is a nonrefundable registration fee for the workshop, which will be discounted for Strasburg Heritage Society members. There will be an additional charge for materials, payable to the instructor the day of the workshop.

For more information or to register, readers may contact Ann Lainhoff at 717-687-8816 or Lainhoff@netscape.net.

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Historical Society To Present Program August 30, 2018

The Millersville Area Historical Society (MAHS) will host a PowerPoint presentation, "Room Enough for Them All: The People of Lancaster County in the 18th Century," during its monthly meeting at 9 a.m. on Saturday, Sept. 8, in Millersville's Municipal Center, 100 Municipal Drive. The speaker will be Michael S. Showalter, museum educator at the historic Ephrata Cloister.

The talk will feature details gleaned from tax records, church and local histories, travel accounts, and family traditions to form a picture of who the residents of this historic Lancaster period were and what their lives were like. Handouts will be available, and questions will be entertained during and after the talk.

Showalter has been a member of the Ephrata Cloister staff since 1996. Starting as a volunteer while still in high school, he now oversees the historic site's educational programs and public events and manages its volunteer program. Earlier in his career, the northern Lancaster County native worked at Cornwall Iron Furnace and the State Museum of Pennsylvania. He earned a bachelor's degree in history at Millersville University and a master's degree in American Studies at Penn State University.

The presentation is free and open to the public, but donations will be appreciated. For more information, readers may contact Phil Gerber at 717-872-8837 or pge8507@aol.com.

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Historical Society Forms August 29, 2018

The Terre Hill Historical Society, a new organization, will meet on the third Thursday of each month at 7 p.m. in the Terre Hill Community Center, 131 W. Main St. Anyone interested in preserving the history of Terre Hill is invited to attend the meetings.

For more information, call 717-445-6678.

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Historical Society Posts Schedule Changes August 29, 2018

The Maytown Historical Society has announced it will hold its monthly meeting on a new day and at a new location. The monthly meetings will now be held on the second Tuesday of each month at the East Donegal Township Building, 190 Rock Point Road, Marietta.

The changes will take effect with the next meeting, slated to occur on Tuesday, Sept. 11, at 6:30 p.m. in the large meeting room. Regular business and a discussion of upcoming activities, including Mayfest 2019, will be on the agenda. All are welcome to attend.

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Program To Highlight Mary Penry August 24, 2018

The Lititz Moravian Archives, in conjunction with the Lititz Historical Foundation, will host a special historical program on Friday, Sept. 14. The organizations will welcome Scott Paul Gordon, who will sign copies of his new book, "The Letters of Mary Penry: A Single Moravian Woman in Early America."

Books will be available for purchase between 6 and 8 p.m. in the fellowship hall at Lititz Moravian Church, located at 1 Church Ave., Lititz. Additionally, Gordon will conducting two mini lectures on Penry at 6:30 and 7:30 p.m. at the same location.

"The Letters of Mary Penry" introduces readers to an unmarried woman who worked, worshiped, and wrote about her experiences living in Lititz during the second half of the 18th century. Nearly all the letters, dated from 1762 to 1804, were written in Lititz.

The collection brings together more than 70 of Penry's letters, which Gordon compiled, transcribed, and annotated. The letters provide a sustained glimpse into the spiritual and social life of a single woman at a time when singleness was extraordinarily rare. They also illuminate politics, religion, and social networks in early America.

Additionally, guided tours will be available to Mary Penry's gravesite in God's Acre, and the Moravian Museum and Archives will be open for tours. In addition, the Lititz Historical Foundation's 1792 Johannes Mueller House will be open from 5 to 9 p.m. for complimentary guided tours so visitors can see and learn what early Moravian life was like in Lititz during the time Penry lived there.

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Scottish Festival Will Feature Sheepdog Demonstration August 23, 2018

The Octorara Covenanter Presbyterian Foundation held its first Covenanter Scottish Festival four years ago. As time has passed, the event has grown to include a wide array of entertainment and educational opportunities, and this year's festival promises to be no exception.

The fifth annual Covenanter Scottish Festival will be held on Saturday, Sept. 8, from 9 a.m. to 5 p.m. on the grounds of Middle Octorara Presbyterian Church, 1199 Valley Road, located 4 miles east of Quarryville on Route 372. The athletic events will begin at 8 a.m.

The Washington Memorial Pipe Band, Charlie Zahm and Tad Marks, Fire in the Glen, and harpist Kendrah Tozzo will perform throughout the day, and bagpipers will skirl their best for a panel of judges. There will also be a Highland dance competition, and the Penn's Wall Highland Games will test athletes' abilities to move cumbersome objects great distances. Scottish clans and organizations will be represented, and vendors will sell Scottish goods, food, and locally made ice cream. A variety of demonstrations have been planned; these may include spinning and weaving, Irish dancing, a haggis ceremony, and more.

One of the confirmed demonstrations will be that of sheep herding. Rebecca Bellaman of Bainbridge will bring her Border collies Czechers and Ena to show how they move sheep through and around obstacles in a calm and controlled fashion. Bellaman has been working with collies since 1999 and obtained her first working dog in 2013. She competes regularly with two of her three dogs. Czechers is 5 and has moved up to open-level trialing, while 1.5-year-old Ena is just making her debut into the sport.

According to the United States Border Collie Handlers' Association (USBCHA), sanctioned stockdog trials are modeled directly after trials in Great Britain, where both the event and the breed originated. The object of a trial is to test the ability of a dog to manage sheep or goats in circumstances they may encounter in everyday work. The dogs may be asked to gather, drive, shed, single, or pen an individual or group of sheep. Handlers are expected to give their dogs few commands and to work their dogs quietly. Bellaman and several of her friends will run a mock competition so that spectators may experience an arena sheepdog trial. They will also give a basic demonstration on the training of the collies.

"Coming from an Irish family, I have always been into the Celtic and old-fashioned lifestyle, and working these dogs just gives me a bond with the animals you can only imagine," Bellaman remarked.

A schedule of the day's events is posted at www.oldcovchurch.com/scottish-festival-2018. Folks may purchase discounted tickets through the site, or they may buy full-price tickets at the festival. Children age 12 and under will be admitted free of charge. Parking will be free of charge and located at the church. Handicapped-accessible parking will be available. Attendees are encouraged to bring lawn chairs or blankets for seating, and wearing sunscreen is advised, as shade may be limited.

There are still opportunities for vendors, competitors, and volunteers. Anyone wishing to participate may find the appropriate application on the event website.

For more information about the Covenanter Scottish Festival, readers may email oldcovchurch@gmail.com or find the event on Facebook.

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Printers Fair Will Attempt To Set A World Record August 23, 2018

The sixth Lancaster Printers Fair will be one for the record books as new events - including a world record attempt - have been added to the printing event for people of all ages that will be held in downtown Lancaster on Friday and Saturday, Sept. 14 and 15.

New this year, "Printing on Penn Square" will offer a number of activities from 6 to 8:30 p.m. on Sept. 14 at 38 Penn Square, Lancaster. The activities will include a demonstration by nationally known itinerant printer Chris Fritton, custom coaster printing with the Heritage Press Museum, and custom T-shirt printing. Attendees may also grab a special printmakers' beverage at a nearby restaurant and help to raise funds for the construction of the .918 Club's Heritage Press Education Center by participating in an auction of prizes donated by local businesses.

The Printers Fair will run from 11 a.m. to 4 p.m. on Sept. 15. The 300 block of North Queen Street, Lancaster, will be closed to vehicular traffic for the event. Parking will be available for a flat fee in the North Queen Street parking garage. All nearby merchants will remain open for business. The street will be filled with vendors from across the region, printing demonstrations, food trucks, and live music. A highlight of the fair will include the attempt at setting a new world record for printing with potatoes, which will take place between noon and 3 p.m. Participants of all ages may design and cut their own potatoes on-site prior to printing.

New this year, a beverage garden will feature a libation crafted from a recipe by Benjamin Franklin, who among many other occupations was a pioneering printer in 1700s Philadelphia. A percentage of the sales of the beverages available in the garden will go to finishing construction at the .918 Club's Heritage Press Education Center on the campus of Thaddeus Stevens College of Technology in Lancaster.

"The Printers Fair is the largest of its kind on the East Coast," said Ken Kulakowsky, president of the nonprofit .918 Club, which organizes the annual event. "The fair is a wonderful way to witness history and the future at the same time. Letterpress and other forms of printing are widely popular, and examples can be seen everywhere in society."

The letterpress event started in 2013 as a nod to Lancaster's place in printing history and features vendors and suppliers of letterpress equipment, foundry type, cards, posters, broadsides, ephemera, and more. Print-related vendors hailing from as far away as Maryland, Delaware, New Jersey, and New York will be represented at the Printers Fair.

Six gallery shows will run in conjunction with the Lancaster Printers Fair. These include Ryan Keates at Foxduck, 11 W. King St.; Valerie Leuth of Tugboat Press at Realm and Reason, 213 W. King St.; Milt Friedly at the Pennsylvania Guild of Craftsmen, 335 N. Queen St.; "Print & Labor" by Salina Almanzar, Candy Gonzalez, Josh Graupera, Andrew Perez, and Joy Ude at Tec Centro, 102 Chester St.; interactive screenprinting at Annex 24 Gallery, 24A W. Walnut St.; and Karen Swallow Prior, author of "On Reading Well," at Square Halo Gallery, first floor at the Trust Performing Arts Center, 37 N. Market St. Swallow Prior will have a book release party on Sept. 15.

For more information about the Lancaster Printers Fair, readers may email lancasterprintersfair@gmail.com or visit www.918club.org/printers-fair.

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OAHA Plans Meeting August 22, 2018

The Oxford Area Historical Association (OAHA) will meet on Tuesday, Sept. 11, at 7 p.m. at the Oxford Presbyterian Church Hall, 6 Pine St., Oxford. Guest speaker Dolores Rowe will present "Postcards: Windows on the World."

Rowe is a retired teacher and postcard collector. She has written and assisted in writing two books, "Around Avondale and West Grove" and "Around Oxford," as well as several historical articles for local newspapers.

The public is welcome to attend. Light refreshments will be served.

For more information, readers may visit www.oxfordhistorical.org or www.facebook.com/OxfordAreaHistoricalAssociation.

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Historical Society To Host Local Author August 22, 2018

Stewartstown Historical Society will present a program at Stewartstown United Methodist Church, 26 S. Main St., Stewartstown, in the fellowship hall on Wednesday, Sept. 5, at 7:30 p.m.

Multiple award-winning author and lecturer Scott Mingus Sr. will speak on "Slavery and the Underground Railroad in York County." Mingus has written 20 Civil War and Underground Railroad books, along with several articles for Gettysburg Magazine and for various historical journals. For more than a decade, he has written a blog on the Civil War history of York County.

Mingus' biography of General William "Extra Billy" Smith has won multiple awards, including the Dr. James I. Robertson Jr. Literary Prize for Confederate History. Mingus received the 2013 Heritage Profile Award from the York County History Center for his contributions to local Civil War history. He and his wife, Debi, live in York.

Copies of Mingus' books, including "The Ground Swallowed Them Up: Slavery and the Underground Railroad in York County, Pa.," will be available for purchase after the program. Cash and checks will be accepted as payment. All proceeds from sales of the book will go directly to the York County History Center for its general budget.

A freewill offering will be received to support the historical society.

For more information, readers may contact the historical society at 717-993-5003.

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Franklin County Tour Scheduled August 15, 2018

Lancaster Mennonite Historical Society (LMHS) will offer an opportunity to discover the Anabaptists of the Cumberland Valley by exploring Old Order Mennonite, United Brethren, and Mennonite sites in Franklin County on a field trip. The trip will run from 8 a.m. to 5 p.m. on Saturday, Oct. 6. The tour will include a stop at Brinzer cemetery, a visit to the farm of Deacon Michael Hege, and several places of worship, including Shippensburg Old Order Mennonite and Strasburg Mennonite meetinghouses.

The cost of the trip will be discounted for LMHS members. Tickets may be purchased by calling 717-393-9745 or by visiting www.lmhs.org. The deadline for registration is Thursday, Sept. 6. A meal is included with the trip.

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