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Herr House To Close For Season October 20, 2017

The Amos Herr House will close its doors for tours for the season on Sunday, Oct. 29. Tours will be conducted that day from 1 to 3:30 p.m. The home will reopen for weekend tours in April of 2018.

The 1852 homestead is located in Amos Herr Park at 1756 Nissley Road, Landisville. For more information, visit or


Railroad Plans Special Events October 18, 2017

The Stewartstown Railroad, 21 W. Pennsylvania Ave., Stewartstown, will offer special events during the fall season. There is a per-person cost per event.

On Friday, Oct. 27, and Saturday, Oct. 28, the Stewartstown Railroad will operate its Halloween Train. The ride will leave the station in Stewartstown at 5:30, 6:30, and 7:30 p.m. on both days. Scenes along the right-of-way will depict friendly Halloween themes appropriate for all age groups.

To wrap up the fall season on the railroad, Santa and Mrs. Claus will visit youngsters riding the special Santa Trains on Saturdays and Sundays from Saturday, Nov. 25, through Sunday, Dec. 17. The Saturday trains leave the station on the hour from 10:30 a.m. to 3:30 p.m. Sunday trains will leave the station on the hour from 11:30 a.m. to 3:30 p.m. Participants will enjoy seasonal decorations and an audience with Santa Claus on board the train.

Ticket prices will be discounted for seniors age 65 and older and children age 12 and under. Tickets for all trains may be purchased in the station on the day of the trip or in advance by credit card at The events are hosted by the Friends of the Stewartstown Railroad Inc.


Preschool Activity Series To Continue October 18, 2017

The York County History Center's new Preschool Activity Series offers fun and history for children ages 3 to 6 and their parents, grandparents, or other caregivers. The next event, titled "The Five Senses," will take place on Wednesday, Nov. 8, from 9:30 to 10:30 a.m. at the Agricultural and Industrial Museum, 217 W. Princess St., York.

The program will feature stations and exhibits throughout the museum that can be seen, touched, heard, smelled, and tasted. The activities are planned to keep preschoolers engaged and busy and to spark their imaginations and stimulate their love for learning. Each program will also include a make-and-take craft.

History Center members may attend for free, and nonmember children may attend for a fee. Nonmember caregivers may attend for free as well.

No preregistration is necessary. For more information, readers may visit or call 717-848-1587, ext. 301.


Friends Board Names Members October 18, 2017

The Friends of the Railroad Museum of Pennsylvania recently elected four new members to its board of directors during the annual meeting of the membership. The three-year terms will begin on Monday, Jan. 1, 2018. Elected were William Cluley of Lancaster, Albert J. Giannantonio Jr. of West Chester, Doug O'Brien of Lancaster, and Tom Ohlhaber of Wrightsville.

Other members of the 2018 board of directors include Charles Coxson of Thorndale, Stephen Ferrell of Exton, John Gummo of Beech Creek, Craig Haberle of Lancaster, G. Wayne Laepple of Lancaster, James R. Rose of Jenkintown, David Wood of Mount Gretna, and Patrick C. Morrison of Landisville, ex officio.

The Friends of the Railroad Museum of Pennsylvania nonprofit organization has about 2,000 members and has provided significant programming, collections, administrative, operational, volunteer, paid staff and financial support to the museum. Memberships are available at


NAWCC Hires Wilcox, Plans Events October 13, 2017

The National Association of Watch and Clock Collectors (NAWCC) Inc. recently announced the hiring of executive director Thomas R. Wilcox III and posted several celebratory events. As of Aug. 28, Wilcox replaced the retiring Steven Humphrey, who had finished a 10-year career with the organization on Aug. 25.

The NAWCC is a museum, research library, educational institution, and international community of horological professionals and enthusiasts dedicated to clocks, watches, time, and timekeeping.

Wilcox and his team will host the 40th Anniversary Celebration Night on Wednesday, Nov. 29, commemorating the official opening of the museum in 1977. NAWCC will celebrate another milestone, the 75th anniversary of the institution's founding, during an event in mid-July 2018. The 2018 NAWCC National Convention will also take place in July at the York County Utz Convention Center.

Wilcox holds Juris Doctor and Master of Business Administration degrees and active licenses to practice law and real estate. His professional career also includes numerous executive and professional positions. He has also been an adjunct law and business professor for 18 years, teaching international law and business classes, and has studied art at the Barnes Foundation and EU law at Cambridge University. He has served on numerous nonprofit boards, conducted leadership training for association professionals, and published works. Wilcox and his family were planning to relocate to the Lancaster area from the Philadelphia suburbs.


STEM Sisters Season Will Launch With Party October 9, 2017

STEM Sisters mentor Beth Valentin, who works as a quality assurance vendor coordinator for a local boiler manufacturer, knows firsthand the impact that special programs can have on the course of a woman's career. While a student at a York high school, Valentin participated in a program that promoted careers in manufacturing, and she completed an internship where she learned about machining. When her initial plans to attend a four-year college did not pan out, Valentin considered a different option.

"I took a lot of art classes, and (my guidance counselor) pointed out that I like to make things. Machining is making things," Valentin said.

Valentin earned an associate degree in machine, tool, and computer-aided manufacturing from Thaddeus Stevens College of Technology. Then, she entered the college's mechanical engineering program.

"I hated math in high school," Valentin said, noting that the right instructor in college changed her perspective. "Once I understood (math), it was great."

Valentin hopes to inspire young women to consider pursuing training and careers in science, technology, engineering, and math (STEM) through the North Museum of Nature & Science's STEM Sisters program.

"I've stayed involved with the program because it's amazing," Valentin said. "When you see all those young girls doing techy things and getting excited about it, it's exciting for you too. (STEM Sisters is) a platform for them to do that and connect with peers and women in STEM careers that they probably didn't even know existed."

Valentin will be one of the speakers at the STEM Sisters 2017-18 season launch party that will be held from 2 to 4 p.m. on Sunday, Oct. 15, at Rock Lititz, 100 Rock Lititz Blvd., Lititz. Girls in grades six through 12 will be able to attempt a STEM scavenger hunt, explore STEM professions through hands-on activities, and learn about this season's events. The girls' parents and guardians may participate in a breakout session with a career development counselor to learn about the importance of STEM education, future STEM jobs projections, and the core competences that students need in order to be successful in a competitive job market. Light refreshments will be served. There is no charge for students, parents, or mentors to attend, but preregistration at is required.

"Women often underestimate the fact they can have a STEM career," Valentin remarked.

STEM Sisters was founded in 2015 in order to make a difference in young women's lives. The North Museum invites STEM-focused organizations and businesses in Lancaster County to be a part of showing STEM Sisters participants potential career paths and discussing what it means to be a STEM professional. Interested individuals may contact STEM education coordinator Kristen Eisenreich at or 717-358-4371.


Girls Code Club Unveils Plaque October 4, 2017

The Lancaster Science Factory's Girls Code Club unveiled a new plaque in the Hall of Heroes honoring Ada Lovelace on Oct. 6. The dedication corresponded with Ada Lovelace Day, Oct. 10. The plaque was unveiled after the first Code Club session at 5:25 p.m. and after the second Code Club session at 7:25 p.m. A total of 50 girls participated in the plaque dedication. The plaque was designed to inspire girls and generate an interest in computer sciences.

Lovelace was an 19th-century English mathematician and writer credited with being the first computer programmer. At age 17, she befriended mathematician Charles Babbage, who demonstrated for her a model portion of his difference engine, an enormous mathematical calculating machine. Lovelace perceived that the machine had applications beyond pure calculation, and she created the first published algorithm ever specifically tailored for implementation on a computer.

For more information about the Lancaster Science Factory, readers may call 717-509-6363 or visit


LancasterHistory Posts Programs October 3, 2017, 230 N. President Ave., Lancaster, will offer several programs in October. For details and registration, readers may visit

African-American Heritage Walking Tours will be offered at 11 a.m. and 2 p.m. on Saturday, Oct. 7. The tours will feature 12 important African-American sites in downtown Lancaster. No reservations are needed. Tickets are available on tour days at the Lancaster City Visitor Center, 38 Penn Square, Lancaster.

Living History at Wheatland will feature "Antietam: The Bloodiest Day" on Oct. 7. Tours will run from noon to 3 p.m. Presentations will be on the hour and last about 30 minutes.

A Curator's Tour of the Hairy and Scary will be held on Friday, Oct. 13, at 5:30 p.m. The tour will take a spooky look at items like mourning jewelry made with human hair, crystal balls, and mysterious books and learn what they mean. Advanced tickets are required.

"Tobaccoland: Landscape, Culture, and the Transformation of Central PA, 1828-2017" will be presented from noon to 1 p.m. on Tuesday, Oct. 17. National Endowment for the Humanities Fellowship recipient Caitlin Black will present. The event is free and open to the public. To attend the presentation, readers may contact Emily Miller at 717-392-4633, ext. 133, by Oct. 13.


Museum Announces Story Hour Program October 2, 2017

Parents, grandparents, educators, and child care providers who would like to give their children or students an encounter with local history need not look any further than Winters Heritage House Museum, 47 E. High St., Elizabethtown. The museum has been hosting a Story Hour Program for children ages 4 to 6 for many years - a tradition that likely dates back to the museum's opening in 1990, said museum director Nancy Landis. Hourlong sessions are offered at 9:30 a.m., 10:45 a.m., and 1 p.m. on either the first or second Friday of each month from October through May. There is a nominal admission fee per child. Adults will be admitted for free and should plan to stay with their child.

Story hour teachers Romaine Campbell, Barbara Eberly, and Mary Anne Stanley joined the program in 2005 and have developed a two-year curriculum cycle so that children will receive a broader range of information if they attend for more than one year.

Each story hour focuses on a different history element and typically includes a craft or activity, a story about traditions from long ago, and sample foods related to the theme. "There's something about all of the different lessons that we love," remarked Eberly.

"We like all of them," Campbell concurred. "Sometimes we bring resource people in, too. In January (for 'Colonial Music') we'll have a piano player visit, and a lady who plays a saw." Eberly added, "Her father played the saw and taught her how. It fascinates the kids and us, too." Other guests include spinners and weavers doing demonstrations in April. Landis often brings in lambs from her farm for the children to interact with at one of the spring sessions, too.

Campbell and Eberly are both retired teachers, and Stanley is a librarian at the Manheim Township Public Library. Creative education is certainly their strong suit, and they enjoy making each story hour fun and informative. "It's meant to be hands-on for the kids," Campbell noted. "We squeeze a lot into one hour, and we keep them moving."

"That's the key," agreed Eberly.

The 2017-18 season will kick off on Friday, Oct. 13. Scots-Irish history will be the focus of the day, and children will have the chance to enjoy Celtic fairy tales and jig dancing. Plus, since it is the first session, the children will be treated to a tour of the museum, which includes a 1760 Scots-Irish log home and 1812 Pennsylvania German log house. "We take them to see the old kitchen, and they're looking around for the microwave and refrigerator," mused Campbell. "It's hard for them to imagine what it would have been like back then."

The other themes and dates for the program are as follows: "Native Americans and Corn" on Nov. 3, "Colonial Toys and Games" on Dec. 1, "Colonial Music" on Jan. 12, "Communication" on Feb. 9, "Spring Cleaning" on March 2, "Spinning and Weaving" on April 13, and "Quilts" on May 11.

To sign up for Winters Heritage House Museum's story hour or to learn more, readers may call 717-367-4672. Organizers request that folks sign up at least one week in advance of the session they would like to attend to allow appropriate accommodations to be made for projects and snacks. Spots are filled on a first-come, first-served basis.


Society Receives Grant September 28, 2017

The Haldeman Mansion Preservation Society (HMPS) recently received a John L. Snyder Grant from the Lancaster County Community Foundation. This fund is for the restoration, maintenance, and repair of historical buildings in Lancaster and Cumberland counties. Snyder was considered a local authority of historic buildings and was very involved with the preservation of the Haldeman Mansion. He drafted the first detailed architectural history of the mansion in 1967 and was instrumental in the successful national register nomination in 1977.

The first John L. Snyder Grant was used to help replace the mansion roof with a slate roof and repair the chimneys. This year's grant will be used to replace the roof of the summer kitchen with a new wood shingle roof and to repair the exterior stonework at points along and below grade at the mansion.

The grant will cover $22,000 for the summer kitchen roof and $11,000 for the mansion foundation waterproofing.


Cloister Seeks Young Actors September 21, 2017

Historic Ephrata Cloister, 632 W. Main St., Ephrata, seeks young actors ages 14 to 19 to participate in its annual Lantern Tours. Actors will bring history to life by playing historical figures from the Cloister's past during the special theatrical tours.

Characters interact with each other with the audience standing right by their side. The tours will be offered on four evenings between Christmas and New Year's Day with four performances each night. Rehearsals will be held on Thursdays from 3:30 to 5 p.m.

For more information, readers may contact Michael Showalter at or 717-733-6600.


Railroad Museum To Host Garden Railways Tour September 15, 2017

Mark Oles has built five garden railroads in his lifetime. The most recent was created in 2011 when a sewer line was replaced at his family's Manheim Township home. Like many projects, however, there is always more work to be done.

"I would like to build a shed and make it look like Amsterdam Centraal station," Mark said. "And I have a roundhouse planned for the turntable."

Those additions would accent what already exists in the side and back yards of the house Mark shares with his wife, Mary Beth, and their children, Mary Kate and Luke. Tracks make a large loop around an old oak tree and run past flower beds planted by Mark's mother. A trestle and truss bridge that Mark built as a senior design project in high school with the help of his father and grandfather has pride of place on the railroad. Rocks that Mark collected from the geology laboratory where he once worked rest in the landscape, and a few weathered buildings sit around the tracks.

"The trains are the real focus," Mark said. "The buildings suffered greatly."

Indeed, the trains on Mark's G-scale railroad are unique. Engine 621 pulls three passenger cars that Mark customized in honor of his wedding to Mary Beth. The yellow and black color scheme proclaims Mary Beth's fandom of the Pittsburgh Steelers. One car features Mary Beth's family, complete with pictures of family members in the windows. Another car displays photos of Mark's family. The name of the line - Millersvillanova - is a combination of Mary Beth's and Mark's respective alma maters.

A second train in the Millersvillanova line pays tribute to Villanova and is painted a deep blue. The passenger cars' numbers represent Luke's and Mary Kate's birthdays. The numbering of Engine 622 also has special significance.

"6/21 is our wedding date," Mark explained. "'622' is for every day after."

Each of the engines on the line has its own receiver, with handheld controls that change direction, speed, and volume of the sound effects. Mark pointed out that when the freight train idles in the siding, the recording features men complaining about the wait. That train gets a workout when the children use it to haul sticks to the family's fire pit.

"It's actually a real railroad," Mark said proudly.

The public may see Mark's railroad in action during the Railroad Museum of Pennsylvania's 11th annual Garden Railways Tour on Sunday, Oct. 1, from 1 to 5 p.m. The self-guided tour of nine private garden railways will feature model trains set amid outdoor landscapes in Wrightsville, Lancaster, Strasburg, Coatesville, Manheim, and Lititz. There is a cost for the tour, with children age 5 and under admitted free of charge.

Garden Railways Tour tickets may be purchased in all Stauffers of Kissel Hill garden center stores and in the Railroad Museum of Pennsylvania's museum store, 300 Gap Road, Strasburg, during regular business hours. Ticket request forms may also be accessed at Tickets will not be sold at the individual tour sites.

Mark and Mary Beth are happy to support the Railroad Museum of Pennsylvania, as they appreciate its purpose and programs. Luke attended the Barons and Builders program offered by the museum this summer.

"He got a lot for what we paid," Mary Beth said, listing train rides, behind-the-scenes tours, and a Lego kit of significant value. "He had a great week."

For more information about the Garden Railways Tour or the museum, readers may visit the aforementioned website or call 717-687-8628.


Car Club Members Visit Museum September 13, 2017


Historical Events Posted September 12, 2017, 230 N. President Ave., Lancaster, will offer several special events. The events are free and open to the public, unless otherwise noted.

On Thursday, Sept. 14, at 3 p.m., a Curator's Tour of Lancaster County Quilts will be offered. Curators Wendell Zercher and Tori Pyle discuss some of the more noteworthy designs in's extensive quilt collection, with a focus on those from Lancaster County's Mennonite and other Anabaptist traditions. Tickets are available at

A reception and book signing will be held at 4 p.m. on Sept. 14. At 4:30 p.m., a lecture on "Plain Meetinghouses: Old Order Mennonites Gather to Worship" will take place. The program is part of the Regional History Colloquium. Author Beth Oberholtzer and photographer John Herr were granted unusual access to 22 Mennonite meetinghouses and will show and discuss the startling utilitarian beauty of these structures which have dotted the Lancaster County countryside for over 300 years. Books will be available for purchase.

"Science and Nature in Lancaster County, 1870 - 1900" will be presented by Adam Shapiro on Tuesday, Sept. 19, from noon to 1 p.m. A National Endowment for the Humanities Fellowship recipient, Shapiro will share findings from his research in the collections. To register to attend the presentation, readers may call Emily Miller at 717-392-4633, ext. 133, by Friday, Sept. 15.

The Presidential Lecture Series will present "Sink Hole: How Kansas Crises Doomed the Presidencies of Franklin Pierce and James Buchanan" on Friday, Sept. 29. A reception will begin at 4 p.m., followed by the lecture at 4:30 p.m. The speaker will be Dr. Michael Holt, Langbourne M. Williams Professor of American History Emeritus at the University of Virginia.

For more details, readers may contact Robin Sarratt at 717-392-4633, ext. 117, or or visit


Museum To Host Cloktoberfest September 7, 2017

The National Watch and Clock Museum, 514 Poplar St., Columbia, will open its doors to the community for Cloktoberfest on Saturday, Sept. 23. The third annual event will run from 10 a.m. to 3 p.m. Admission is free, and attendees are invited to enjoy behind-the-scenes tours of the museum, make-and-take clock workshops, a steampunk fashion show, a book sale and silent auction, food trucks and beverages, and more.

"The behind-the-scenes tours will include a peek into the area of the museum that many do not get to see," explained curator of collections Kim Jovinelli, who will lead the tours. Visitors can expect to see pieces that are not on display and will have the opportunity to learn about how the items are stored and the other work that goes into maintaining the museum's collection of close to 13,000 objects. Tours will be offered at 10 a.m., noon, and 2 p.m.

The steampunk fashion show is set to begin at 11 a.m. on the museum stage. Steampunk is primarily a genre of science fiction with a historical setting featuring steam-powered machinery, but the steampunk aesthetic of the show will feature the subgenre known as clockpunk. "(The fashion show) gives you a taste of what steampunk is, and the whole show is quite eye opening," shared marketing and events coordinator Kim Craven.

The museum's popular make-and-take clock workshops will allow children and adults to create their own clock to keep. There is a nominal fee per clock.

Visitors may shop at the book sale and bid on horological-themed silent auction items. Plus, an assortment of vendors will be set up with horological, industrial, steampunk, and handmade items for sale.

Beverages will be available to purchase, including a special Cloktoberfest beverage created by a local company. Food trucks will offer menu items including pulled pork barbecue sandwiches, hot dogs, sausage sandwiches, fish fritters, fish tacos, empanadas, grilled chicken wraps, ice cream, and milkshakes.

Membership information will be available. "People are really passionate about collecting time, celebrating time, and learning about time," Craven said. "I love when we have events like this because it's an opportunity for more people to see what the museum has to offer."

For more information on Cloktoberfest, readers may call 717-684-8261 or visit


AACA Museum Shares News September 7, 2017

The Antique Automobile Club of America (AACA) Museum Inc., 161 Museum Drive, Hershey, recently announced its newest project - the Clyne Gateway Exhibition Gallery. Construction of the new gallery was slated to begin over the summer, with an estimated completion for fall of this year.

The museum's Clyne Gallery is the visitors' entry portal to the AACA Museum Inc. and turns the space into a vintage automobile dealership façade, complete with chrome and glass. Inside will be space for two to three vehicles, artifacts, and automotive advertising. The new space will have an innovative use in that it will allow the museum to partner with many marque clubs or similar groups to showcase some interesting vehicles related to their club or organization.

With this vision, the first exhibit will feature The National Corvette Restorers Society (NCRS) and will be slated for the gallery opening this fall into the spring of 2018. For the fall of 2018, the International Thunderbird Club (ITC) will be featured in the gallery. In between these exhibits, the space will be used for the summer 2018 exhibit "The Road to Safer Cars," which is guest curated by Roger White, Smithsonian, National Museum of American History, as part of the museum-wide summer 2018 exhibit. The AACA Museum invites inquiries from automotive clubs and organizations who would like to be a part of the space for future exhibits.

There is an admission fee to the museum, with discounts for seniors age 61 and older and children ages 4 to 12. Admission is free for children age 3 and under and AACA members. The museum is open daily from 9 a.m. to 5 p.m. For details, readers may call 717-566-7100 or visit


Museum Transfers Locomotive Ownership August 29, 2017

The Railroad Museum of Pennsylvania in Strasburg has announced that it will transfer ownership of its historic Nickel Plate Road steam locomotive No. 757, the Berkshire, to the Mad River and NKP Railroad Museum in Bellevue, Ohio.

The Mad River and NKP Railroad Museum will make its own arrangements for the eventual movement of the No. 757 to Ohio. Ownership of the locomotive will be transferred upon its removal from the Railroad Museum of Pennsylvania.

The New York, Chicago, and St. Louis Railroad - also known as the Nickel Plate Road - built the Berkshire No. 757 in Lima, Ohio, in 1944. The city of Bellevue, Ohio, a strategically important railroad center and hub, was offered No. 757 by the railroad in the mid-1960s, but at the time it did not have a museum to preserve it. Thus, No. 757 became the first locomotive to be donated to the future Railroad Museum of Pennsylvania, arguably saving it from an uncertain fate.

The Railroad Museum of Pennsylvania is home to a world-class collection of approximately 100 historic locomotives and railroad cars, a vast library and archives, a working restoration shop, and an immersive education center and programs. The Railroad Museum of Pennsylvania is administered by the Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission as part of the Pennsylvania Trails of History, with the active support of the Friends of the Railroad Museum of Pennsylvania.

For more information, readers may visit or call 717-687-8628.


Landis Valley Slates Fall Classes August 29, 2017

Landis Valley Village and Farm Museum, 2451 Kissel Hill Road, Lancaster, has announced its schedule of fall education programs.

A number of classes and workshops will be held at the Landis Valley Museum Store. Online registration is available at Separate fees have been set for each class.

The schedule includes Rug Braiding with Janice Sonnen on Saturday, Sept. 9, from 9 a.m. to 3 p.m.; Rug Hooking with Mary Lynn Naples on Saturday, Sept. 23, from 9 a.m. to 3 p.m.; False Graining with Jim King on Sunday, Sept. 24, from 1 to 4 p.m.; Needle Felting with Lisa Haldeman on Sunday, Oct. 1, from 1 to 4 p.m.; "Handwoven Tape: Ties That Bind," a talk and demonstration by Susan Weaver, on Saturday, Oct. 14, from 1 to 3 p.m.; Essential Oils of Stress with Antique It Candles on Sunday, Oct. 15, from 1 to 4 p.m.; Sgraffito on a Redware Plate with Denise Wilz on Saturday, Oct. 21, from 10 a.m. to 4 p.m.; and Essential Oils of the Bible with Antique It Candles on Saturday, Nov. 18, from 1 to 4 p.m.

In addition, multiple sessions of the Paper Stars class will be offered. Seating is limited, so early sign-up is suggested. Class sessions have been scheduled from 10 a.m. to noon and from 2 to 4 p.m. on Saturday, Nov. 18; Saturday, Nov. 25; and Sunday, Nov. 26.

More information is available at


Historic Site Seeks Student Volunteers August 28, 2017

Historic Ephrata Cloister, 632 W. Main St., Ephrata, will hold an informational meeting for prospective new Students Historians and their parents on Thursday, Sept. 7, from 7 to 8 p.m.

The Student Historians are young people age 14 and up who volunteer at the museum for nearly two hours each week throughout the school year. They engage in crafts, assist with guided tours at the historic site, and learn about local and national history. The group presents the annual Lantern Tours, a theatrical experience in which students assume the roles of people from the past to bring history to life. Students come from public and parochial schools, along with homeschool programs.

The Student Historians meet on Thursdays after school until 5 p.m. There is an annual fee to participate in the Student Historian activities.

For more information or to register for the first meeting on Thursday, Sept. 14, readers may call the Historic Ephrata Cloister at 717-733-6600 during business hours.

Historic Ephrata Cloister is administered by the Pennsylvania Historical and Museum Commission with support from the Ephrata Cloister Associates. More information is available at Persons with disabilities who need special assistance or accommodation should call in advance to discuss their needs. Pennsylvania TDD relay service is available at 800-654-5984.

0 Posts Programs August 25, 2017 has posted two events that will take place on Saturday, Sept. 2.

African-American Heritage Walking Tours will be offered at 11 a.m. and 2 p.m. Tourgoers will learn about abolitionists, Underground Railroad agents, preachers, and entrepreneurs in downtown Lancaster as an expert tour guide takes them to important places in African-American history, including Black businesses on Penn Square, the site of the Elite Hotel, the Thaddeus Stevens and Lydia Hamilton Smith historic site, Trinity Lutheran Church, Lancaster County Courthouse, St. James Episcopal Church, the site of the old Lancaster Train Station, Shreiner-Concord Cemetery, Fulton Hall/Old Jail, and Central Market. Tours last 60 to 90 minutes and are given the first Saturday of every month through October. No reservations are needed, and tickets are available on tour days at the Lancaster City Visitor Center, 38 Penn Square, Lancaster.

"Copperhead or War Democrat? Living History at Wheatland" will be offered from noon to 3 p.m. at President James Buchanan's Wheatland, 230 N. President Ave., Lancaster. In 1864, the War Democrats wanted the Confederacy defeated, while the Peace Democrats, known as the Copperheads, wanted a negotiated settlement. The presentations, which will be offered on the hour and will last about 30 minutes, will focus on former President James Buchanan hosting friends at Wheatland and whether or not those friends reveal which side they are on. Tickets are available at

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