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Murphy To Direct Emergency Services Department January 21, 2019

The Chester County commissioners have announced the appointment of Michael Murphy Jr. as director of the Department of Emergency Services. Murphy was formerly platoon leader for the county's 9-1-1 operations.

Murphy replaces Robert Kagel, who served as director of the department for four years before his appointment as Chester County administrator. John Haynes, deputy director of 9-1-1 operations, has been serving as interim director since Kagel moved to the commissioners' office.

Murphy has been a member of the Chester County Department of Emergency Services for 20 years. As platoon leader for Chester County's 9-1-1 Center, Murphy has maintained national and state certifications in all 9-1-1 disciplines and has led the county's team of telecommunicators using advanced technology to provide timely and accurate emergency assistance to citizens contacting the 9-1-1 Center. During his time as platoon leader of 9-1-1 operations, Murphy worked with every Department of Emergency Services division, all four emergency responder disciplines and their advisory councils, other county departments, and state and federal agencies.

A longtime resident of Chester County, Murphy has served as emergency management coordinator (EMC) and deputy EMC for Caln Township, and he has served as a firefighter with the Thorndale Volunteer Fire Company since the age of 16. He holds a Bachelor of Science in public safety administration and a master's degree in organizational and strategic leadership, both from Neumann University.

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Hospital Slates Health Programs January 21, 2019

UPMC Pinnacle will host several community education events. All programs are free, unless otherwise specified. Refreshments will be served.

Breakthrough Heart Treatments will take place on Tuesday, Feb. 5, at 6:30 p.m. at Giant Food Stores, Linglestown Community Center, 2300 Linglestown Road, Harrisburg. The program will feature the latest treatments for valve diseases.

Doing Your Part to Maintain a Healthy Heart will be held at 7 p.m. on Tuesday, Feb. 12, at Giant Food Stores, Linglestown Community Center. Attendees will learn about the risk factors that impact heart health, how to make lifestyle modifications to improve heart health, and the role of fitness to prevention and treatment of cardiovascular disease.

Preventing and Managing Heart Failure will be offered at 7 p.m. on Tuesday, Feb. 19, at Giant Food Stores, Camp Hill Community Center, 3301 E. Trindle Road, Camp Hill. Participants will learn more about healthy living to prevent heart failure, the most up-to-date scientific management of heart failure, and strategies to care for those with advanced heart failure.

Peripheral Artery Disease - What Can Your Legs Tell You About Your Heart? will be held at 6 p.m. on Thursday, Feb. 21, at UPMC Pinnacle Carlisle Education Center, 361 Alexander Spring Road, Carlisle. Attendees will learn about their risk of developing peripheral artery disease (PAD), which can strike the legs, abdomen, or neck, and learn about medications, lifestyle choices, and treatments to prevent or manage PAD.

Keep the Beat will take an in-depth look at atrial fibrillation, the most common heart rhythm disorder, along with discussion about alternative blood thinner medications and treatment options. The program will be held at 7 p.m. on Wednesday, Feb. 27, at Giant Food Stores, Camp Hill Community Center.

Space is limited. Readers may register at www.upmcpinnacle.com/events or by calling 877-499-3299.

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New Reporting Tool Available January 21, 2019

A tool for reporting suspicious activity surrounding the prescribing or dispensing of prescription drugs, including opioids, has been created. The tool will be available on the attorney general's website at https://pennsylvania.pmpaware.net, on the Department of Health's website at www.health.pa.gov, and within the state's Prescription Drug Monitoring Program (PDMP) site for registered users at https://pennsylvania.pmpaware.net/.

By making the attorney general's suspicious activity reporting tool available on the PDMP and the Department of Health's website, another layer of safety is added for the responsible prescribing of controlled substances such as opioids. The illegal diversion of prescription pain pills from doctors' offices and pharmacies is contributing to the opioid epidemic across the commonwealth, but diversion activity is hard to identify and even harder to investigate. The new reporting tool, which is available online to everyone, allows people to anonymously give the attorney general's office detailed information about suspected diversion so criminal activity can be better investigated and prosecuted.

The attorney general's Office of Diversion created the suspicious activity report form, a web-based form, for health care providers and the general public to report suspicious activity involving prescription medication. Things that might be reported include fraudulent, stolen, or altered prescriptions; a suspicious doctor or pharmacy; or an individual obtaining prescription drugs for any purpose other than the treatment of an existing medical condition, such as for purposes of misuse, abuse, or diversion.

Completed reports are assigned to the appropriate attorney general's office investigator in the region where the suspicious activity is alleged to have taken place. Those with an active Pennsylvania professional license that permits them to prescribe or dispense medications must register to use the PDMP. Authorized users include prescribers, dispensers, the attorney general's office (on behalf of law enforcement), designated commonwealth personnel, and medical examiners or county coroners.

More than 90,000 registrants have conducted approximately 1.6 million patient searches each month. The PDMP online database allows prescribers and dispensers of controlled substances to monitor who is obtaining opioids, who prescriptions are being obtained from, and how often they are prescribed, and it also supports clinicians in identifying patients who may be struggling from the disease of addiction and help connect them with treatment services.

For more information on the PDMP, readers may visit https://pennsylvania.pmpaware.net/.

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VFW Recognizes Safety Officers January 16, 2019

The James A. Danner VFW Post 537 recently held a Safety Banquet to honor all first responders from the area and to specifically recognize one firefighter, one emergency medical technician (EMT), and one police officer. VFW Post 537 sought nominations from supervisory officers in Fairview Township, Newberry Township, and the borough of Goldsboro.

To be eligible for an award, nominees had to meet various criteria. The three primary criteria were recognition by their colleagues, unswerving loyalty to and active performance in safety of citizens, and dedication to their official responsibilities over a period of years, showing continuous growth in responsibility and experience.

The Firefighter of the Year for 2018 is Kyle Harbold. He serves as the fire police captain, assisting the Newberry Township Police Department in both emergency and nonemergency situations. He had the highest response to calls within the Newberry Township Fire Department.

Leslie Garner of Newberry Township's EMS was selected as the Post 537's Emergency Medical Technician Award winner for 2018. Garner began as an EMT in 2002 and became a medic in 2008. She has served as a full-time medic in Newberry Township since 2013.

Post 537 chose Detective Daniel Grimme of Newberry Township Police Department as the Police Officer of the Year. Grimme, an eight-year veteran of the Newberry Township Police Department, serves in the department's Criminal Support Unit. In the past year, he was instrumental in prosecuting several individuals who illegally delivered narcotics. In addition to general investigations, he also investigates domestic violence and sexual assault cases.

Nominations for the 2019 Safety Officers can be submitted at any time prior to Sunday, Sept. 1, to the James A. Danner VFW Post 537. For more information, readers may call Charlie at 724-630-4956.

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Rec Center To Host Health Screenings January 11, 2019

Health screenings will be provided by Prevention Health Screenings (PHS) at the Hempfield recCenter, 950 Church St., Landisville, on Tuesday, Jan. 29, from 10 a.m. to 6 p.m.

The following six quick, painless, noninvasive health tests will be performed: a carotid artery screening, an ultrasound screening for abdominal aortic aneurysms, a peripheral screening that checks the arteries in the legs for poor circulation, a thyroid screening, an EKG that detects abnormal heart rhythms, and a heart disease risk screening that uses ultrasound.

All procedures will use the same state-of-the-art ultrasound and EKG equipment found in many hospitals. Screenings will be performed by experienced vascular technologists registered by the American Registry of Diagnostic Medical Sonographers. A board-certified vascular physician from The Intersocietal Commission for the Accreditation of Vascular Laboratories (ICAVL) will review and confirm all vascular screenings before the confidential report is mailed back in 10 to 14 days. The ICAVL accreditation ensures the highest level of testing.

Registration is required. To register, readers may call 717-898-3102. A discounted cost has been set for Hempfield recCenter members.

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Tips Posted For Managing Stress January 9, 2019

Stress is an issue that seems to affect everyone, especially in the workplace. Workers who take on too much work or those tasked with performing jobs beyond their abilities might be particularly affected. However, they can employ various strategies to manage their stress.

Embrace planning: A 2011 survey from psychologist Robert Epstein asked more than 3,000 participants in 30 countries which stress management technique was most effective at helping them overcome their stress. Epstein discovered that participants felt planning was the most effective way to manage their stress. Planning is essentially a proactive approach to managing stress and fighting it before it even starts. Smartphone apps make it easier than ever to schedule one's time. Utilizing such apps or opting for the more traditional route by using a day planner can be a highly effective way to manage stress.

Practice cognitive reframing: Cognitive reframing is another effective stress management technique that involves changing the way a person looks at something so his or her experience of it changes. Psychologists note that cognitive reframing is effective because the body's stress response is triggered by perceived stress and not actual events. By reframing the way people perceive a potentially stressful event, they can change their body's response to it. This technique is most effective when people are mindful of their thoughts, particularly those that might be negative or stress-inducing.

Take breaks: A heavy workload may compel people to sit down at their desk and keep working until quitting time. However, that approach takes both a physical and an emotional toll. Sitting for long periods of time without getting up not only increases a person's risk for various diseases, but it also can contribute to something known as decision fatigue. Decision fatigue occurs when someone must make frequent decisions throughout the day. Without a break, such people's abilities to reason become compromised, and they may end up making poor decisions or feeling less confident in their decisions, which may increase their stress levels. Frequent breaks, even if they are just brief walks to get a glass of water, can help avoid both the physical and emotional effects of stress.

Stress affects people across the globe. Learning to manage it can make people happier in their personal and professional lives.

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Northwest EMS Presents Scholarships January 4, 2019

On May 16, Northwest Emergency Medical Services (NWEMS) presented Robert C. Stirling Educational Scholarships to three students at Manheim Central High School's (MCHS) awards ceremony for graduating seniors. The ceremony took place at Manheim Central Middle School.

The scholarship is offered each spring through the Stirling family and NWEMS, which the Manheim Veterans Memorial Ambulance Association merged with in 2013. A committee of NWEMS and Stirling family representatives selects the recipients each year.

The $1,000 educational scholarship is named in memory and honor of Bob Stirling, who was known for his enthusiasm for the town and community of Manheim, where he lived and worked. Stirling owned an insurance business, was active in many community and civic activities, and was a lifetime member of the Manheim Veterans Memorial Ambulance Association.

Stirling's interest in the ambulance service began when he assisted a volunteer ambulance crew at an accident that had occurred in front of his home on East High Street. On the crew that day was Clarence "Mike" Graham, one of the ambulance's founding members, who asked Stirling if he would like to ride along and assist with the transport of the patient. That invitation led to more than 30 years of service for Stirling with the ambulance association. After Bob's passing in June of 1994, his family and the Manheim Veterans Memorial Ambulance Association created an educational scholarship for residents of the Manheim Central community who are pursuing a career in the medical field.

The first scholarships were awarded in 1995, and NWEMS proudly continues the tradition today. The 2018 recipients are MCHS seniors Billie Jo Bollinger, Lauren Dorwart, and Elli Weaver.

Bollinger is the daughter of Keith and Michelle Bollinger. She plans to attend Lock Haven University to pursue a career as a physician assistant and to continue playing field hockey and running track. Bollinger said that her love of biology and anatomy and physiology, combined with career shadowing a physician assistant, influenced her decision to follow that career path. At MCHS, she participated in field hockey, softball, and track. Bollinger was a member of Science Honor Society, Math Honor Society, English Honor Society, Science Club, Spanish Club, Interact, Student Council, and Medical Careers Club.

Dorwart, the daughter of Tom and Sara Dorwart, plans to major in nursing at Penn State Altoona. "I've always wanted to help people, and this has been what I wanted to do since middle school," shared Dorwart. Her goal is to become an anesthesiologist. During high school, Dorwart served as the student athletic trainer for the football and wrestling teams and was a member of Student Council and Medical Careers Club. She was also a student adviser for Manheim Central Foundation for Educational Enrichment (MCFEE).

Weaver is the daughter of Nevin and Robin Weaver. She plans to attend Lebanon Valley College to pursue a career as a physical therapist. Tearing her anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) and going through physical therapy was a big part of her decision to take that career route, Weaver said. At MCHS, she played basketball and was a member of Interact, Student Investment Club, National Art Honor Society, National English Honor Society, and Medical Careers Club.

Stirling scholarship applicants do not need to be graduating seniors, but they must plan to pursue a degree in a medical program. To learn more, readers may visit www.nwems86.org.

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Trinity UCC Sets Screening January 3, 2019

Trinity United Church of Christ (UCC), 2340 State St., East Petersburg, will be the site of a Life Line Screening event on Saturday, Feb. 9. Life Line Screening uses ultrasound technology to view the plaque buildup in the carotid arteries, the main arteries that carry blood to the brain. Blockages in these arteries are a leading cause of stroke.

Various fees have been set. To register for the event and receive a discount, readers may call 888-653-6441 or visit www.lifelinescreening.com/communitycircle.

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"Train With The Firefighters" Event Slated January 3, 2019

Northwest EMS will sponsor a Train With the Firefighters event hosted by Mastersonville Fire Company, 2121 Meadow View Road, Manheim, on Monday, Jan. 14, from 6:30 to 8:30 p.m. and Saturday, Jan. 19, from 9 to 11 a.m.

Subjects will include Hands-Only CPR and Stop the Bleed. Hands-Only CPR is a life-saving intervention that can be performed by bystanders and is believed to be nearly as effective as conventional CPR. The Stop the Bleed campaign is a Homeland Security initiative to prevent loss of life in mass trauma situations by teaching bystanders to apply tourniquets and equipping communities with Stop the Bleed kits.

Call 717-665-5192 to sign up and for more details.

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Dementia/Alzheimer's Support Group To Meet January 2, 2019

Dover Bethany United Methodist Church (UMC), 4510 Bull Road, Dover, will host a dementia/Alzheimer's support group meeting on Monday, Jan. 14, at 7 p.m. Individuals who who like more information about Alzheimer's disease or other forms of dementia, as well as how to care for loved ones who have dementia, are welcome to attend.

The group meets on the second Monday of each month. Readers with questions may call the church at 717-292-2716.

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Skin Protection Information Posted January 2, 2019

It is easy to associate vigilant sun protection with summertime, when the sun is shining intensely. However, sun protection is necessary every day, regardless of the weather or time of year.

Even when it is cold or overcast, UV rays that cause skin aging and skin cancer are reaching the skin. In the right winter weather conditions, people can sustain sun damage just as easily as during the summer.

UVB rays, the main cause of sunburn, are the strongest in the summer. However, UVB rays can burn and damage skin year-round, especially at high altitudes and on reflective surfaces such as snow or ice. Snow reflects up to 80 percent of the sun's UV light, so the rays hit twice, further increasing the risk of skin cancer and premature aging.

UVA rays remain constant throughout the year and can penetrate through clouds and fog. UVA rays can also penetrate glass, so it is still possible to damage skin while spending a bright winter day indoors.

The first line of defense against this sun damage is clothing. Covering up is easier in the winter, because it is cold, but the face, head, and neck tend to remain exposed year-round, and this is where most skin cancers occur. People should not forget their UV-blocking sunglasses and broad-brimmed hat before heading out. Sunglasses protect the eyes while also fighting snow glare, and a hat keeps the head warm while keeping UV rays from damaging the scalp.

A broad-spectrum sunscreen with an SPF of 15 or higher should be applied daily to all exposed skin. People should make sure to cover often-missed spots like the tops of their ears, around the eyes, and near the hairline. Individuals should consider choosing a moisturizing sunscreen with ingredients like lanolin or glycerin to combat dry winter skin. Finally, people should try to avoid the peak sun hours between 10 a.m. and 4 p.m. and seek shade when they can.

For more information, readers may visit www.skincancer.org.

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Creating A Fire Safety Plan December 31, 2018

Fires are unpredictable and can cause devastating loss of life and property. The U.S. Fire Administration states that, in 2017, there were 1,319,500 reported fires that resulted in 3,400 deaths and 14,670 injuries in the United States. Fire safety protocol gives people the ability to get out of a building promptly and safely in the event of a fire.

People are advised to develop a comprehensive fire safety plan, which can help save lives when used in concert with functioning smoke and carbon monoxide detectors. However, the National Fire Protection Association says only about one-quarter of households actually have developed and practiced a fire escape plan or have taken measures to prevent fires around their homes.

Malfunctioning kitchen appliances should be repaired or replaced promptly. Appliances should be kept clean and always according to manufacturers' instructions.

People should not leave a room while cooking. The Consumer Product Safety Commission says that most kitchen fires, which can ignite in as little as one minute, start after someone left the room.

A fully charged and functioning fire extinguisher should be kept on the premises, preferably one on each floor of a home or business.

Power strips should not be overloaded with plugs. Homeowners should have a licensed electrician inspect and suggest updates to antiquated wiring systems.

Children should be taught about the dangers of playing with fire. Matches and lighters should be kept away from children.

All members of an office or household should be gathered together to come up with an effective evacuation plan. People should walk through the building and inspect all possible escape routes. Two ways out of each room should be identified. If a window exit is recommended, a functioning ladder that can provide safe egress should be available.

An evacuation plan should include an outside meeting place that is far away from the residence or building, but close enough that it can be easily reached by all. A buddy system should be set up so that certain members of the family or company will be responsible for helping elderly, young, or disabled people exit the premises. Individuals should practice identifying escape routes and institute regular evacuation plans so that everyone can function quickly should a fire occur.

Fires can spread quickly and easily claim lives. By addressing fire risks and implementing safety plans, people can save lives.

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Bicycle Maintenance Clinics Slated December 27, 2018

The Harrisburg Bicycle Club (HBC) will offer free bicycle maintenance clinics on Saturdays, Jan. 5, 12, and 26, from noon to 3 p.m. at the Lemoyne Borough building, 510 Herman Ave., Lemoyne. Individuals may attend one session or all three sessions. People of all ages are welcome, and HBC membership is not required. Experienced cyclists will teach the mechanics of fixing bikes.

The clinics will cover a wide variety of subjects, including tire changing and tube repair, chain service (cleaning and lubrication) and repair, bicycle cleaning, brake adjustment and pad replacement, general bicycle lubrication, general bike fitting, and any other bicycle-related issues or concerns people have. HBC will have volunteer instructors on hand to provide help and advice, and mechanics from a few local bicycle shops will also be present.

There is no charge for the event, but donations can be made to offset the cost of the snacks and beverages that will be available. Individuals are encouraged to sign up for the event by emailing David Young at dwyoung@comcast.net or calling 717-877-0672.

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Nighttime Food Tips Offered December 24, 2018

Calorie-conscious individuals may wonder if eating at night or after a certain time can derail their diets and fitness regimens. The jury is still out on whether eating at night can pack on the pounds or not, with various health recommendations contradicting one another. However, if one does choose to snack at night, there may be a smart way to do so.

The U.S. Department of Agriculture's Weight Control Information Network says that a calorie is a calorie no matter when it is consumed, meaning that it does not matter if calories are consumed in the morning, afternoon or evening. It is how many are consumed and the amount of physical activity individuals perform that will affect their weights. Conversely, the Academy of Nutrition and Dietetics notes that it is not sure if a calorie is a calorie no matter when it is consumed. Its research and data from the University of Pennsylvania School of Medicine's Center for Weight and Eating Disorders indicates that when food is consumed late at night, the body is more likely to store those calories as fat and gain weight rather than burn it off as energy. Certain animal studies show that food is processed differently depending on the time of day it was consumed.

But what is a person to do when hunger pangs hit at night and one fears that their rumbling stomach may interrupt their sleep? According to the nutrition and fitness experts at MyFitnessPal, stick to a snack that is between 100 and 200 calories. Choose a food that is high in protein, fiber or healthy fats, which will be more likely to keep a person satiated throughout the night. Apples and peanut butter, string cheese and fruit or whole-grain crackers and Greek yogurt can be healthy, satisfying nighttime snacks. Avoid sugary, calorie-dense foods, which may be hard to digest and can compromise sleep quality.

More studies may be necessary to determine the relationship between body weight and snacking at night. In the meantime, nighttime snackers should choose healthy foods when reaching for a late night bite to eat.

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Vehicle Safety Advice Given December 24, 2018

After home and work, the next most common place people spend their time is in their vehicles. The AAA Foundation for Traffic Safety says the average American spends 17,600 minutes driving each year. Because they spend so much time behind the wheel, drivers need to be prepared for breakdowns. Packing an emergency kit in the car can help people make the best of such situations.

A car emergency kit can help drivers get back on the road promptly. Without such kits, drivers may be stranded for hours after a breakdown. Emergency kits also come in handy during weather-related events that can sideline cars until roads become passable. Getting caught in a vehicle during a snowstorm and failing to have the proper gear can be a life-threatening scenario under extreme conditions.

The Department of Motor Vehicles and the Department of Homeland Security note that these key items should always be included in a car emergency kit: durable bags or crates to store supplies, a complete first aid kit, a small fire extinguisher, jumper cables, rain ponchos, a plastic tarp, flashlights and extra batteries, bottled water, a small cache of nonperishable foods, a wrench and pliers, local maps, rags, duct tape, a multipurpose tool, an ice scraper, automotive fluids, blankets and warm clothing, cat litter for slick roads, tire-changing equipment, a spare tire, road flares or caution reflectors, an empty gas canister, cash for gas and a phone charger cable.

Being prepared can make a difference when vehicles are sidelined. In addition to an emergency kit, cars and trucks should be regularly maintained to prevent breakdowns. This includes ensuring all fluids are at proper levels, filters are changed, batteries are in good working order and tires are inflated correctly. Investing in a roadside assistance service also can help get drivers back on the road quickly.

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Overcoming Workout Boredom December 20, 2018

Even the most ardent fitness enthusiasts sometimes lack the motivation to exercise. Various factors, including boredom with a fitness regimen, can affect one's motivation to hit the gym. In instances when boredom is difficult to overcome, men and women who want to stay in shape can try the following strategies:

-Join a sports league. A workout does not have to be limited to the weight room or the cardiovascular area of a local gym. If one's motivation to work out is waning, a competitive sports league may be the answer. Many fitness facilities even offer sports leagues for adults on their premises or at nearby parks. Sports such as racquetball, soccer, boxing, and mixed martial arts provide ample exercise and opportunities to meet other fitness-minded people. If games or competitions only take place once or twice a week, individuals can supplement their participation with more traditional workouts on off-days.

-Take along an electronic tablet. Many fitness facilities now include WiFi internet access with the cost of a membership. People can take their electronic tablets with them to the gym to watch a television show or movie while burning calories during the cardiovascular portions of their workouts.

-Periodically change the regimen. It can be easy for people to get bored with a workout if they are always doing the same repetitive exercises. Individuals may ask a personal trainer at their gym for some advice on how to switch things up and still meet their fitness goals.

-Set new goals. Boredom with a workout regimen sometimes creeps in because people have achieved their initial fitness goals and have not set new ones. Once people have achieved a goal, they should set new ones so they have a new carrot dangling on the end of their stick, so to speak.

Nearly everyone encounters workout boredom at one point another. Various strategies can help individuals overcome such a malaise and reinvigorate their enthusiasm for exercising.

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Handling A Prolonged Power Outage December 19, 2018

Accidents and storms can disrupt the electricity that powers everything in homes and businesses. A short-term loss of power can be a nuisance, but extended power outages can cause damage and may even be dangerous.

Widespread power outages are often anticipated during or after severe storms, which can disable entire power grids. Because damaged power lines and infrastructure must be carefully assessed after severe storms, it may take anywhere from hours to several days before power is fully restored.

The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) notes that food spoilage is one of the hazards of long-term power outages. If a storm is imminent, local residents can be proactive by freezing the contents of the refrigerator when possible so that items can stay at safe temperatures longer, advises the FDA. Food can remain safe for up to two hours at refrigerator temperature before it starts to spoil. Grouping food together in the freezer also can help it stay colder longer. Having extra ice on hand or freezing containers of water also can provide a chilling effect, as well as serve as a water supply if faucet water is unavailable, which can be a concern for those with well-pumped water.

Individuals' barbecue can turn out to be beneficial during power outages. Many stoves, even gas ones, will not light because of electric ignitions. A gas camping stove or barbecue can serve as the primary place to cook food until power is restored. People should always have a secondary propane tank on hand.

Plenty of bottled water should be kept on hand, especially if one's regular water supply is well-fed and requires an electric pump to activate flow.

People should stock up on blankets and warm clothing. Power outages during the winter can be especially challenging because of the lack of heat in a home. Family members can huddle together in small rooms to conserve heat. People with wood-burning stoves can use them to keep warm. Fireplaces tend to be more show than ambient heat providers, but they can still serve as a heat source in a pinch.

Those who have a generator should run it safely. The Consumer Product Safety Commission states that generators should be operated as far away from the house as possible to avoid deadly carbon monoxide fumes. Also, individuals should use appropriately gauged, outdoor-rated extension cords to power up generators.

It is also important to stay put and avoid the road after a storm that causes a power outage. Wires may be down, traffic lights may not work, and dangerous debris may be littering the roads. Hunkering down is the best approach until power is restored.

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Tips For Controlling Appetite December 19, 2018

When hunger strikes, various appetite-control strategies can help people avoid overeating or eating during those times when boredom is more to blame than an empty belly.

-Eat slowly. When a person eats, a series of signals is sent to the brain from digestive hormones secreted by the gastrointestinal tract. These signals produce a feeling of pleasure and satiety in the brain, but it can take a while for the brain to receive them. By chewing slowly, people can give the signals more time to reach their brains, potentially preventing them from overeating.

-Choose the right snacks. The right snacks can make it easier to eat more slowly. Instead of reaching for potato chips or pretzels, both of which can be eaten quickly and picked up by the handful, choose snacks that are both healthy and require a little work. Carrots dipped in hummus or baked tortilla chips with low-fat salsa or bean dip are low-calorie snacks that also require some work between bites. The time it takes people to dip between bites affords more time for the digestive tract to release signals to the brain that they are full.

-Reach for fiber first. Another way to conquer hunger without overeating is to reach for fiber before eating other parts of a meal. Vegetables are rich in fiber, but since they are often served as side dishes, many people tend to eat them only after they have eaten their main courses. That can contribute to overeating. Fiber fills people up, so by eating the high-fiber portions of a meal first, people may be less likely to overeat before their brain receives the signals that their stomach is full. Individuals should consider eating vegetables as an appetizer or, if the entire meal is served at once, clear their plate of vegetables before diving into the main course or other side dishes.

-Drink water. Perhaps the best - and least expensive - way for people to control their appetite and ensure that they do not overeat is to drink more water. A 2010 study funded by the Institute for Public Health and Water Research that included 48 adults between the ages of 55 and 75 found that people who drank two 8-ounce glasses of water right before a meal consumed 75 to 90 fewer calories during the ensuing meal than study participants who did not consume water prior to their meals. Over the course of 12 weeks, participants who drank water before meals three times per day lost roughly five pounds more than those who did not increase their water intake.

Controlling appetite does not have to be a complex undertaking. In fact, some simple strategies can help people avoid overeating.

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Drug Education Programs Posted December 17, 2018

The County of York and York County Libraries have teamed up to offer programs about opioids, naloxone, and recovery during a free educational series at libraries across York County. Experts from York/Adams Drug and Alcohol Commission and the RASE Project are slated to appear at several locations through March. The courses include Opioid 101 and Narcan 101.

Opioid 101 will aim to help people gain a better understanding of addiction, its effects, and the recovery process. It will examine factors for people who could be at-risk for developing a substance use disorder and give the audience information on available treatment options. Opioid 101 will be offered on Thursday, March 14, 2019, from 6 to 7:30 p.m. at Kaltreider-Benfer Library, Red Lion.

Narcan 101 will cover the risk factors associated with opioid overdose, how to prevent an overdose, and the signs and symptoms of an overdose. The program will also discuss what to do in the event of an overdose, how to administer naloxone, and more about substance abuse treatment and recovery. Sessions will be offered on Thursday, Dec. 27, from 6 to 7 p.m. at Village Library, Jacobus, and on Tuesday, Jan. 29, 2019, from 6 to 7 p.m. at Paul Smith Library of Southern York County, Shrewsbury.

The programs are open to the public and free to attend. To learn more about York County Libraries' programs, services, and resources, readers may visit www.yorklibraries.org. Readers may also contact Deb Sullivan at 717-849-6931 or dsullivan@yorklibraries.org.

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Spotted Lanternfly Quarantine Information Posted December 17, 2018

The Pennsylvania Department of Agriculture is encouraging businesses to obtain the required spotted lanternfly permit to ensure they are complying with the spotted lanternfly quarantine orders. As the next phase of the spotted lanternfly life cycle gears up, now is an ideal time for businesses to learn how they can jumpstart this spring's fight.

There is no cost to businesses to obtain a permit. Under the law, businesses in Pennsylvania need to take the online permit training and exam and receive a permit for their vehicles. The Pennsylvania Department of Agriculture continues its work to contain and minimize the spread of the spotted lanternfly while also keeping commerce flowing in Pennsylvania.

In November 2017, 13 Pennsylvania counties - Berks, Bucks, Carbon, Chester, Delaware, Lancaster, Lebanon, Lehigh, Monroe, Montgomery, Northampton, Philadelphia, and Schuylkill - were placed under quarantine to help stop the spread of the spotted lanternfly. States with spotted lanternfly populations are also required to follow the permit requirements for Pennsylvania. This will help prevent the movement of the pest from other states into Pennsylvania.

The spotted lanternfly permit training teaches business owners, managers, and designated employees how to comply with the quarantine - an important legal designation to help stop the spread of spotted lanternfly - to ensure each of their employees are complying with the law. The quarantine order directs businesses, residents, and county authorities to follow guidelines to prevent the movement of the certain articles that contain any living stages of the spotted lanternfly, including egg masses, nymphs, and adults such as logs, stumps, or any tree parts; nursery stock; crated materials; and trucks or vehicles not stored indoors.

By investing time and personnel to inspect vehicles to safeguard against transporting insects, people can help to ensure this pest does not reach farther beyond those counties that are already quarantined.

As part of the spotted lanternfly quarantine agreement beginning on Wednesday, May 1, The Department's Bureau of Plant Industry will begin to perform inspections and verification checks to confirm that businesses are properly permitted. Failure to take the permit exam and educate employees could result in possible penalties and fines.

The permit training and testing can be accessed through Penn State Extension by visiting https://extension.psu.edu/spotted-lanternfly-permit-training. For information regarding permitting, readers may contact slfpermit@pa.gov. To learn more, readers may visit www.agriculture.pa.gov/spottedlanternfly, www.aphis.usda.gov/hungrypest/slf, and http://extension.psu.edu/spotted-lanternfly.

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